What Do We Know and Do Not Know?

Attitudes Toward North Korea and Unification

By Jaeyoung Hur, Sanghoon Park in Korean Politics North Korea Unification

March 6, 2021

Abstract

This chapter examines whether existing explanations of South Korean attitudes regarding North Korea and Korean unification adequately explain changes after the declaration at Panmunjom on April 27, 2018. This study uses the National Consciousness Survey Data to estimate these shifts in attitude. Our results show that South Korean attitudes shifted following the Panmunjom Declaration for Peace, Prosperity, and Unification of the Korean Peninsula. We show that existing explanations for generational effects do not explain the national attitude shifts on unification; our study demonstrates that a wide divergence exists between younger and the older generations, and younger generations are more likely to display a negative attitude toward North Korea and unification even after the Declaration. We also show that the prospects of unification evoke different attitudes across generations. Our results imply that the Panmunjom Declaration is a prominent political event, but it is necessary to analyze it without overestimating it.

Date

March 6, 2021

Publication

Chapter 10. In Issues and Perspectives in Korean Peace Process. Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Knowledge Contents & Press.

Posted on:
March 6, 2021
Length:
0 minute read, 0 words
Categories:
Korean Politics North Korea Unification
See Also: